Generally, high blood pressure is categorized as:

  • Normal blood pressure: less than 120/80
  • Prehypertension: 120-139/80-89
  • Hypertension: greater than 140/90
  • Stage 1 Hypertension:140-159/90-99
  • Stage 2 Hypertension: 160 or greater/100 or greater

Treatment strategies to manage high blood pressure include changing lifestyle suitably and possibly drug therapy to lower blood pressure to less than 140/90. For patients who have diabetes or chronic kidney disease the recommended blood pressure is less than 130/80. The aim of management is to lower high blood pressure and protect important organs, like the brain, heart, and kidneys from damage. Research has found that treatment for hypertension causes a significant reduction in stroke (reduced an average of 35%-40%), heart attack (20%-25%), and heart failure (more than 50%).