Risk Factors

PAD is a chronic disease with risk factors that include:

  • Cigarette smoking
  • Diabetes
  • Being overweight (a body mass index over 30)
  • Raised blood pressure (140/90 millimeters of mercury or higher)
  • High cholesterol (total blood cholesterol over 240 milligrams per deciliter)
  • Advancing age, especially after reaching 50 years of age
  • Positive family history of peripheral artery disease, heart disease or stroke
  • Increased homocysteine, a protein component that helps build and maintain tissue